Know Your Epidemic

Estimated number of people living with HIV in Viet Nam:


HIV Prevalence (2011 – 2016)

Percentage of adults in the general population who are
living with HIV:


People Living with HIV (1990 – 2016)

The HIV epidemic in Viet Nam comprises many sub-epidemics across the country and remains concentrated primarily among three populations defined by high levels of HIV-transmission risk behaviours: people who inject drugs (PWID), men who have sex with men (MSM) and female sex workers (FSW)1.

Sharing of needles and other injecting equipment among drug users is the single most important mode of transmission in Viet Nam. Sexual transmission of HIV is primarily among people who inject drugs and their regular sexual partners, men who have sex with men, sex workers and their clients, and sex work clients and their regular sex partners. Most women living with HIV report that they were infected by stable sexual partners who either inject drugs or visit sex workers. HIV prevalence among the general population is low and shows no sign of increasing2.

1Viet Nam Administration of AIDS Control (VAAC). Viet Nam AIDS Response Progress Report. 2014.

2One UN in Viet Nam. The HIV Epidemic in Viet Nam, 2012. Summary by and for the United Nations Joint HIV Team. 2013.

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) was established in 1996 as the global leader of the response to HIV. UNAIDS leads and inspires the world to achieve its shared vision of zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths. UNAIDS unites the efforts of 11 UN organizations—UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, UNDP, UNFPA, UNODC, UN Women, ILO, UNESCO, WHO and the World Bank—and works closely with global and national partners towards ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030. See more about UNAIDS at

Green One UN House, 304 Kim Ma, Ba Dinh, Ha Noi, Viet Nam